专升本英语词汇,50个常用词汇和相关拓展

2020年3月7日17:08:48 发表评论

对于准备报考2020年专升本考试的考生来说,考生如想在考试中取得优异成绩,前提一定要对专升本英语单词掌握熟练,以下是库课网校小编给考生整理的全国专升本英语3800个词汇,请考生认真查看。

专升本英语词汇,50个常用词汇和相关拓展

1.able/ability/enable/unable/disable/disabled/disability able 的同根词用法一致,后接不定式。比较:be able to dosth. / be capable of (doing) sth.

2. 动词词缀:en-+ adj/n或adj./n.+/-enenable/enlarge/enrich/encourage/brighten/widen/worsen/sharpen/strengthen/heighten/lengthen

3. abandon vt. 放弃,抛弃,放纵 abandononeself to 纵情于,沉溺于 (=be addicted to)

4. aboard adv. 在船(车)上,上船 abroad adv. 在国外,到国外 board n. 木板 on board 在船上 broad adj. 宽的,宽阔的

5. absent adj. 不在的, 缺席的 (反:present)

6. absolute adj. 完全的, 绝对的

7. absorb vt. 吸收, 吸引 beabsorbed in 全神贯注于

8. abundant adj. 丰富的,大量的 (=plentiful)

9. access n. 通路, 接近,入门

have accessto 接近,有权使用

e.g. Citizensmay have free access to the public library.

10. accident n. 意外事件, 事故

by accident 偶然(=by chance) (on purpose 故意)

11. accompany vt. 陪伴,陪同

12. accomplish vt. 完成, 达到, 实现 ~ the task accomplishment n. 成就

13. account n. 计算, 帐目, 说明,解释

on account of由于 take... into account 考虑到(= take… into consideration) account for 解释,说明

14. accuse vt. 指责,控告

accuse sb. ofsh. 因某事控告某人 (同:chargesb. with sth. 因某事控告某 人)

e.g. He wasaccused of robbing the bank and sentenced ten years in jail. His mother chargedhim with being lazy.

15. achieve vt. 完成, 达到 achievement n. 成就, 功绩

16. action n. 动作, 行动, 举动 take action to do sth. 采取行动做某事 (同:takemeasures to do sth.)

17. actor n. 男演员 → actress n. 女演员 类似:waitress(女侍者,女服务生), hostess(女主人), princess(公主,王妃)

18. adapt vt. 使适应, 改编

adapt oneselfto sth. 适应 (= adjust oneself to sth.)e.g. He adapted/adjusted himself very quickly to the weather in the country. 比较:adopt vt. 采用, 收养

19. advance n. 前进, 提升 v. 前进, 提前 in advance 预先,提前

20. advantage n. 优势, 有利条件 (反:disadvantagen. 不利条件, 缺点) have an advantageover 胜过,占优势 take advantage of 利用

21. advertise v. 为…做广告advertisement/ad n. 广告

22. advise vt. 劝告, 忠告

advise sb. todo sth. 劝说(强调动作) persuade sb. to dosth. 说服(强调结果) 注意:advise 的宾语从句或It is advised that 结构的主语从句, 需使用 should 型虚拟语气。advice n. 忠告, 建议

23. afford vt. 买得起, 负担得起 ~ sth.(a new car, vacation, etc.) ~ to do sth.

24. agree vi. 同意, 赞成 agree withsb. agree on sth. (经过讨论后)就…达成一致agree to sth. (plan, proposal, etc.) agreement n. 同意, 一致in ~ with 与…一致 disagree vi. 不一致,有分歧

25. aim at 以…为目标,旨在

26. allow vt. 允许 ~ sb. to do sth. (=permit sb. to dosth.)

27. alternative n. 可供选择的办法, 抉择have no ~ but to do 别无选择,只得… (=have no choice but to do) 比较:have nothing to do but do

28. amaze/astonish/surprise/shock vt. 使吃惊 ~ed ~ing

29. ambition n. 野心, 雄心ambitious adj. 有雄心的, 野心勃勃的

30. amuse vt. 娱乐,消遣 ~ment n. ~ sb. with sth. 用某物逗/取悦某人 ~ oneself by doing sth. 做某事来消遣

31. analyze vt. 分析, 分解 analysisanalyst 32. ancient adj. 远古的,古代的 ~ times 33.anniversary n. 周年纪念 twentieth ~ annual adj. 每年的,年度的

34. anxious adj. 焦虑的,担心的 be ~ about/for sth. 对…感到忧虑 be ~ to do sth. 渴望做某事(=be eager to do =long to do) anxiety n.

35. apology n. 道歉 make an ~ to sb. for sth. apologizev. 道歉 ~ to sb. for sth. 36. appeal v. 呼吁,恳求 ~ to sb. to do sth.

37. apply vt. 申请, 应用 ~ (to sb.)for sth. 申请 ~ sth. to (someplace) 应用 application applicant

38. appoint vt. 约定, 任命appointment n. 约会,约定(因工作需要) 比较:date (男女约会)

39. appreciate vt. 赏识, 鉴赏, 感激

40. approach vt. 接近 n. 接近,方法, 步骤

41. appropriate adj. 适当的,恰当的

42. approve vt. 赞成,批准 ~ of 赞同,赞成 ~ment dis~

43. arise vi. 出现, 发生 rise vi. 升起, 上升 arouse vt. 唤醒, 唤起 ~ one’s curiosity, consciousness raise vt. 抬起,举起

44. arrest vt./ n. 逮捕, 拘留 under~ 被拘捕

45. artificial adj. 人造的, 假的 (反:natural,genuine)

46. assign vt. 分配, 指派 ~ sb. todo sth. 分派某人做某事 ~ sth. to sb. 分派某事给某人

47. associate vt. 使发生联系, 使联合 ~... with... e.g. She always associated happiness with having money.

48. assure vt. 向…保证 ~ sb.that... e.g. He assured us that the train would be on time. 使确信 ~ sb. of sth. e.g. He assured her of his love. ensure vt. 确保, 确保 ~ sb. sth. 确保某人获得某物 e.g. These pills will ~ you a good night’s sleep. insure vt. 给...保险 ~ sb. insurance n. 确保 ~ sth. e.g. His talent and dedication will ~ his success.

49. attach vt. 系,贴, 附加 ~...to... 把…贴上,放到…上 ~ importance/significance to 强调,看重 (介词不用 on)

50. attack vt./n. 进攻, 攻击 under~

小福利:为了能够让大家更方便了解不同的少儿英语培训机构,或者是孩子学习英语的问题,可以加小编微信:iyingyu66 前来咨询哦,我还特意建了一些英语学习打卡群,天天有资料分享和经验讨论,欢迎大家进群一起交流哦~

在线英语

发表评论

:?: :razz: :sad: :evil: :!: :smile: :oops: :grin: :eek: :shock: :???: :cool: :lol: :mad: :twisted: :roll: :wink: :idea: :arrow: :neutral: :cry: :mrgreen: